Critic : basic income experiment “rewards sloth”

A writer from a “free-market think tank” takes his cuts at Mayor Michael Tubbs’ universal basic income program:

“Realistically, 500 bucks a month isn’t much to live on anywhere in California, Steven Greenhut writes in the Press=-Enterprise, which serves . If this idea takes hold, it will be followed by demands to increase the payments. I can envision the “Living Wage Coalition” that would rise up to demand more money from City Hall, the Legislature or Congress. It’s dangerous to make larger swaths of people dependent on the political process to secure their living. This already is the case to some degree, but this idea will make it far worse.”

Elsewhere in the piece, Greenhut writes:

“But my biggest fear is what it will do to the already eroded concept of work. Many people prefer to do nothing if someone else will pay their bills. “A UBI would redefine the relationship between individuals, families, communities, and the state by giving government the role of provider,” wrote Oren Cass in a National Review article last year. “It would make work optional and render self-reliance moot.” It’s one thing to provide a safety net and another to reward sloth.”

Not to dismiss the criticism, but there’s a contradiction in this argument: $500 is not enougthto live on but people who receive it will become lazy layabouts.

Greenhut is also evidently unfamiliar with Stockton’s financial state. Recipients of UBI can holler for more money, but the city of Stockton doesn’t have it to give. Besides, the money comes from a foundation, a fact Greenhut does not mention.

I agree with him on this, though: “Stockton should focus on the basics. If officials keep their budget in order, rein in compensation packages for city employees and provide first-rate services and a friendly business climate, it could lure the jobs that are the key to a middle-class lifestyle.”

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On being part of new solutions

“To truly reform our criminal justice system, we need to move away from the mind-set that punishment is the answer to urban violence. Indeed, there is now sufficient evidence to support an entirely new model for countering violence — one driven by investment.”

—Patrick Sharkey, professor and chair of sociology at New York University, and author of “Uneasy Peace: The Great Crime Decline, the Renewal of City Life, and the Next War on Violence” in today’s Los Angeles Times.

It’s heartening to realize Stockton, instead of sticking to the status quo, is a part of this promising trend. Stockton voters and leaders plainly realized the purely punative approach did not reduce crime.

Not that we’ve gone wholly over to the “investment model.”  Far from it. The main component of Measure A, funding for 120 new police, took a page from the old book.

But Measure A also included a permanent Office of Violence Prevention with funding for Peacekeepers to draw at-risk youth away from gangs; police brass have gone on listening tours; the PD participated in a natinal trust-building experiment; the Council recently approved the Advance Peace program; the city is even experimenting with Universal Basic Income as a way to address crime’s the root causes.

A colleague once said to me, “Stockton is so 10 years ago.” Increasingly, that notion is so 10 year ago.

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Economist: Tubbs’ basic income test won’t work

Stockton Mayor Michael Tubbs during press conference explaining how Stockton Economic Empowerment Demonstration (SEED) floor of $500 a month can improve economic security and well-being of city residents. CALIXTRO ROMIAS/THE RECORD

UCLA economist Jerry Nickelsburg isn’t saying Universal Basic Income won’t work; he’s saying Stockton’s experiment with it won’t work.

“The experiment is doomed for two reasons,” Nicklesburg writes in Public CEO. “First, it is temporary. The recipients know that the money will only last two years, and that will incentivize them differently than a true UBI.

“Second, it is $500 a month, and even though Stockton has one of the lowest costs of living in California, this is still not much money. Recipients are going to view it as a windfall and not as part of their expected income.

“As with all UBI experiments to date, the temporary nature of this study pollutes the outcome. “Can I start a small business and live on $500-a-month knowing that it will go away in 2 years?” our Stocktonian asks. The likely answer is, “Maybe, but what I’ll do if my business goes bust?”

These strike me as valid arguments. Decide for yourself by reading Nicklesburg’s entire essay here.

“Since we can’t learn from such experiments, …Niclesburg writes, “the only way to find out if Thomas Paine’s idea was the right one is to put it into actual practice.”

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What to name a Stockton university?

Rick Rios writes:

“Dear Mike,

“Your article … regarding a CSU in Stockton was great! Please continue to sound the drums for a CSU in the Stockton area.

“The note I would like to add to your next article on this subject is that we need to coin a great title to the future CSU in the Stockton Area, name recognition is everything to drive any market! If we can find a way to spin the name of a CSU Stockton to something that ties in the social diversity, the wealth, the bright future and the hardy people of the San Joaquin Valley to a CSU name then we can inspire the academic world to come and establish their academic careers in Stockton.

“So please consider what California State University Hayward did a few years ago to develop a new brand name for the college. I am from the Bay Area and I know for a fact that back in the day CAL State Hayward had a problem drawing the attention of their fair share of CSU applicants due to the Hayward name( low name recognition). So they got smart and tied in their geographic location to establish a new CSU identity, they named CSU Hayward to CSU East Bay!

“So if we can do the same for CSU Stockton it would be a game changer and all the naysayers would change their view on a a CSU in Stockton for the better …

“To start off with name brands how about:

“*CSU, Greater Bay Area
*CSU, Golden State
*CSU, Big Valley
*CSU, Inland Empire
*CSU, Central Valley Region
*CSU, Majestic Valley Region
*CSU, Greater Central Valley”

Rios says we shoud have a contest with the public entering proposed names.

“The right brand name is out there and someone will nail it,” he writes.


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Fugazi gets her answers

Questions and Answers: Council member Christina Fugazi

Recently,  Council member Christina Fugazi objected when discussion of a motion regarding the Advance Peace anti-gun-violence program was cut off before she could ask a raft of questions.

Fugazi e-mailed her questions to Advance Peace head DeVone Boggan. Below is her letter and Boggan’s answers. I am reproducing both so we all can better understand Advance Peace.


On Sat, Jan 13, 2018 at 8:47 PM, Christina Fugazi <> wrote:

Dear Mr. Boggan,

Thank you for attempting to answer one of my questions.  I seriously thought you were going to do a powerpoint presentation or some type of formal presentation and most of my questions would have been answered at that time.  I apologize for putting you on the spot and please understand that I want the best for my city and its residents.  With so many speakers (38), there was so much misinformation amongst supporter and opponents to your program.  Please help me by answering the questions that apply to your program as it works in Stockton.  There are a lot of them, but that is my profession, asking questions.  My constituents are hoping that I am able to provide them with the answers, since they provided some of the questions in my list.


Thank you and enjoy the rest of your weekend,


Councilwoman Christina Fugazi

District 5

City of Stockton

(209) 937-8244



From: DeVone Boggan <>
Date: January 17, 2018 at 1:31:10 PM PST
To: Christina Fugazi <>
Subject: Re: Questions for Stockton’s Advance Peace Program

Council Member Fugazi,

I hope that this finds you well!  Please find my answers to your questions directed to Advance Peace:

1.  Does (City Manager) Kurt Wilson and the city manager’s office support this program? 

N/A to Advance Peace

2. Is the Chief & OVP in support of this program? 

N/A to Advance Peace

3. What are your (CM, SPD, OVP) concerns?  If you are neutral, why?

N/A to Advance Peace

4. Where does the program get the names of potential fellows?  SPD?  OVP?

Potential Fellows can be identified by a variety of sources including but not limited to, deployed Advance Peace street outreach/case management staff (Neighborhood Change Agents), community members, law enforcement, Ceasefire and the Office of Violence Prevention.

5. Doesn’t OVP already provide 6/7 of these services?  If so, are we eliminating this office and our Peacekeepers?  Will Advance Peace be responsible for them then?

N/A to Advance Peace

6.) Who is going to oversee the program?  Monitors its progress?

Advance Peace hires local residents to serve in the capacity of Local Program Strategy Manager, and Neighborhood Change Agents.  The Local Strategy Manager overseas the work of the Neighborhood Change Agents, the Local Strategy Manager reports directly to the CEO of Advance Peace.  The CEO, the Advance Peace Evaluation Team (National Council on Crime and Delinquency and the Institute of Urban and Regional Development at UC Berkeley) with the local team will monitor local strategy progress.

7. Where will this program be housed and managed from? 

Advance Peace is recognized as a exempt 501 (c) (3) organization.  Advance Peace will identify appropriate rental and/or shared space opportunities in Stockton California from which the work will be facilitated.

8. How many employees? 

Advance Peace will employee 3-5 employees in Stockton California.  A mix of full-time and part- time staff. All residents of Stockton.

9.) Will people from Richmond be coming here or will people from Stockton will be hired?  What kind of qualifications?  Are there any requirements for a city to get this program?

Residents from Stockton will be hired for all positions associated with the Advance Peace strategy in Stockton.  Job Descriptions will be made available for Stockton in the near future once recruitment begins (you may review the Job Descriptions for the Sacramento CA. positions attached).  The requirements for cities to participate as replication sites for the Advance Peace strategy are as follows: A formal 2-4 year commitment to implement a minimum of 1-2, 18-month Fellowship cohorts with a minimum of 50 Fellows; Committed programmatic funding of $250,000 per year over 2-4 years; commitment to provide gun violence data and work with Advance Peace national evaluation team; city ability to demonstrate public/private partnerships that promotes and invests in healthy and positive youth and young adult development; a commitment from one institutional philanthropic partner/donor (minimum); buy-in from at least one of the following: City Manager, Mayor, Chief of Police, Elected Prosecutor, local Elected Officials; demonstrated ability to identify and access the individuals targeted for the Fellowship.

10.) Is Richmond keeping this program or renewing it in their next fiscal year?

Yes.  The City of Richmond continues to support and celebrate this work and its impact and contribution on gun violence reduction in its jurisdiction.  This work will be kept in the budget in the next fiscal year. The City of Richmond invests nearly $1M annually in support of this work.

11.) What are the specific qualifications to be selected as a fellow?  Are there any reasons for a fellow to be “exited” from the program?

Advance Peace is a gun violence reduction strategy.  Advance Peace seeks to invite/enroll individuals for its Fellowship that are thought to be the most likely to commit and/or the most likely to become victims of cyclical and retaliatory recurrent gun violence.  Advance Peace focuses intense resources on the small percentage of individuals who shoot in the community, but whom law enforcement is unable to build a case against.

The ways in which a Fellow is exited from the program are as follows: individual decides to withdraw from program, individual is placed in criminal custody/incarceration, individual becomes deceased, or individual graduates the program.  If it is believed that a Fellow is suspected of continuing to engage in gun violence and ONLY if individual remains free from criminal justice custody/incarceration during this belief, Advance Peace will continue to work with the individual in an ongoing effort to change the mindset that gives rise to the lethal behavior – in an effort to reduce any future lethal impact that the individual can have on the community.

12.) Who knows outside of the program who is IN the program?

Advance Peace supports preserving the confidentiality of its Fellows (city residents).  Advance Peace is not a mandated program nor does it receive formal participant referrals from any source.  Participants identified who meet AP criteria are invited, but volunteer themselves to participate in the Fellowship. If a Fellow would like to make his participation in the Fellowship known publicly, the individual may do so at their discretion.

13.) What happens if a “fellow” commits a crime while in the program or after successful completion of the program? 

Advance Peace does not condone criminal activity by any of its Fellows.  If a Fellow commits a crime while in the program and remains free from criminal prosecution or incarceration, Advance Peace will continue to work with the individual in an ongoing effort to change the mindset that gives rise to the lethal behavior – in an effort to reduce any future lethal impact that the individual can have on the community.  After successful completion of the program (Fellow is no longer seen as a threat to public safety), Fellows are typically looking for employment, or are working, or pursuing educational or other positive opportunities.

Some graduating Fellows however have been known to remain involved in other illicit behavior that doesn’t include gun violence.  What all graduating Fellows have in common (no matter what road they take) is that they are no longer using a firearm to solve conflict and they are no longer thought to be involved in gun violence by law enforcement personnel.  Like most healthy people, after a Fellow completes the Fellowship, these individuals are interested in being alive and are equipped with a healthier disposition to “figure life/it out” and to “make the best out of the lives they have” without the use of a firearm.  Again, Advance Peace is a gun violence reduction strategy.  Advance Peace is not a “Jobs” program or a “gang prevention/intervention” program.

14.) Has this program been evaluated by an independent outside expert or these internally gathered reports?  Maybe Dr. Braga from Harvard?  Someone from UC Berkeley that is an expert in crime?

Yes, the program has been independently evaluated:

For our work in Sacramento and Stockton California, the evaluation team is made up of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) led by Dr. Angela Wolf and the Institute of Urban and Regional Development at UC Berkeley, led by Dr. Jason Corburn.

15. Can someone expand on the evidence-based cognitive behavior therapy? 

16. Who is providing this and what are their qualifications for this? 

17. Where was this therapy developed and where is it currently being used by this program outside of Richmond and Sacramento?

15., 16., 17. Advance Peace (AP) works with its Fellows to overcome emotional distress and trauma by teaching skills to enhance self-control and reduce violence.  Advance Peace is trauma-informed and [culturally] responsive to its participants.  AP provides extensive training and development for each staff member in each of the six evidence-based practice areas that the Fellowship is grounded.  Where necessary, Advance Peace utilizes [paid] licensed clinicians with requisite expertise in CBT. Where Advance Peace can identify at the local level existing agency that has extensive experience delivering CBT, AP will assess its ability to do so with our Fellow population, and perhaps work with the local organization(s) if capacity is positively determined.

Where AP cannot identify local resources, AP will bring in its partners who have long demonstrated expertise to assist in the development of such culturally competent and responsive capacity with both local AP staff and interested community organizations.  AP utilizes a variety of evidence based sources and tailors them to the needs of our Fellow population, including Power Source and the TFUAR (Thinking, Feeling, Urges, Actions, and Reactions) CBT approaches.  CBT work with this highly at risk population has been facilitated successfully for more than 10 years in Richmond California.

18.) Is County Social Services a partner or does the program just act as a “handler” taking fellows through the different service agencies?

Advance Peace acts as a surrogate caregiver and assists each Fellow in their navigation of both the public system and community-based social, human, educational, vocational and employment services maze.  Where public system social and/or healthcare services can provide “expedited-access” services opportunities for AP Fellows, this has proven productive and has yielded high impact outcomes.  This is an area that AP will work with the community to build local capacity.

19.) What types of internships are offered?  Is there job training also provided?

Employment counseling and training is provided through-out a Fellows 18-month Fellowship engagement.  Internships vary and are based on each Fellows personal interests and passion.  Fellows are typically placed in internships no sooner than 18-months or after the conclusion of their Fellowship engagement.

20.) Can you provide a list of milestones that fellows need to meet within the 18-month period?

Fellowship milestones are based on each Fellows unique circumstances and person-centered Life Management Action Plan.  Milestones are tied to the following areas and personal proficiency: Healthy Relationships, Anger Management, Conflict Resolution, Positive Parenting, Building Healthy Personal/Professional Networks, Spirituality, Recreation/Health and Wellness, Personal Safety, Transportation, Education, Employment, Safe Housing, Healthcare, and Financial Management.

21.) What is the cost of the program?

The cost of each Fellowship cohort is $750,000/year for 25-40 Fellows.

22.) Who is handling the money from the donors, doing the hiring and firing, collecting the data, etc.? 

Advance Peace.

23.) Speaking of data, when will the council and donors be updated on progress and how, when, and what are the methods for collecting data?

Advance Peace and its evaluation team will provide the Mayor and City Council with a written progress report each quarter after first Fellowship cohort launch (approximately June/July 2018).  Advance Peace agrees to provide Mayor and City Council with an annual progress report presentation at City Council by request.  Each donor has their own schedule independent of one another with regard to reporting requirements and timelines.  The Advance Peace Evaluation Team will sit down with a select group of community stakeholders to determine agreed upon data collection and success benchmarks.

24.) How do we know if it has been successful if we have to rely on their self reporting?

N/A to Advance Peace.

Advance Peace is designed to reduce recurrent, cyclical and retaliatory gun violence. If gun violence that is cyclical and retaliatory in nature has been reduced since implementation of the AP strategy, then we’ve been successful.  The Advance Peace Evaluation Team will sit down with a select group of community stakeholders to determine agreed upon success benchmarks.

25.) What if the program needs more money or the funding runs out before the program completion, is the city on the hook for it or will the donors increase their funding?

Advance Peace and Mayor Michael Tubbs is responsible for raising private contributions for the entire strategy over the period that the Fellowship will be facilitated in Stockton.  The City of Stockton (because of Mayor Tubbs ability to identify and secure private resources) is the only city of the four that will replicate the Advance Peace Fellowship, that will not be contributing resources from its general fund budget, thus the City of Stockton  IS NOT “on the hook” for anything.

26.) Does Mr. Boggan get a salary or collect a fee?

Mr. Boggan serves as Chief Executive Officer and receives an annual salary from Advance Peace as determined by the Advance Peace Board of Directors.

27.) Mr. Luebberke questions –By signing this resolution, could the city be sued by a family who is a victim of a crime due to a “fellow”?  And even if we were able to be victorious in court, would there be a cost to the city to defend the case in court?  And if there were multiple cases, could the cost go into the millions?  Could the Mayor’s Office and individual council members be listed in the suit as well?  Could Advance Peace be sued?

N/A to Advance Peace

I hope that this is helpful.




DeVone Boggan
President & CEO







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Bullet train: entering boondoggle territory?

An elevated section of the high-speed rail under construction in Fresno.

The cost of the Central Valley leg of California’s bullet train has jumped 77% to $10.6 billion, raising questions about the honestly of former cost estimates, and even whether the state can afford to complete the system.

I’ve been a bullet train suporter from day one, because of the increased prosperity the line will bring to Stockton. To say nothing of the quick transportation it will offer.

I’ve accepted cost overruns up to this point because all major public works projects have them. But there is a line which when crossed compels scrutiny.

The cost of the Central Valley segment has spiked from around $6 billion to $10.6 billion, with more cost hikes in prospect.

Equally troubling, former rail Authority chairman Dan Richard was less than forthright about these sharp cost increases. The L.A. Times reports today that the Federal Railroad Administration issued a dire (and, mysteriously, secret) report a year ago warning of painful cost increases; when it became public, Richard pooh-poohed it. When the train’s main consultant prediced much higher costs, the figures were not included in the system’s business plan.

The board voted in a new chief, Brian Kelly, on Tuesday.

Evidently, “… the Authority and its consultants have vastly underextimated the diffuculties of buying land, obtainining environmental approvals, navigating through complex litigation and much else,” the Times writes.

It’s my perhaps jaundiced belief that the state underserves the Central Valley, so I have viewed the bullet train’s cost overruns as a form of equity in which the Valley finally gets much-deserved investment. But there’s a point at which a region must look beyond its needs and consider the global interests of the state. Thanks to the bullet train’s soaring cost overruns and dubious managment, I’m there.

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Tubbs’ recallers botch first filing


Brenda Vazquez, left, with Dionne Smith-Downs, announcing a recall petition for Mayor Michael Tubbs. [CLIFFORD OTO/THE RECORD

From: Katherine Roland <>
Date: January 12, 2018 at 1:30:12 PM PST
To: Michael Tubbs <>, Cameron Burns <>, Daniel Lopez <>, Max Vargas <>
Cc: Bret Hunter <>
Subject: Intent to Recall Petition Update

Good Afternoon,

Brenda Vasquez arrived at 1:23pm. She brought a photocopy of the document submitted at the Council Meeting to be filed and nothing else. Without proper documents we were not able to file the Intent to Recall. She stated she will return.


Katherine Roland
Records Research Specialist
Office of the City Clerk

*              *               *

According to the Elections Code, “The notice of intention shall contain all of the following:

“(a) The name and title of the officer sought to be recalled.

“(b) A statement, not exceeding 200 words in length, of the reasons for the proposed recall.

“(c) The printed name, signature, and residence address, including street and number, city, and ZIP Code, of each of the proponents of the recall. If a proponent cannot receive mail at the residence address, he or she must provide an alternative mailing address. The minimum number of proponents is 10, or equal to the number of signatures required to have been filed on the nomination paper of the officer sought to be recalled, whichever is higher.”

Though these requirements are spelled out, and are not difficult, the proponents of this silly recall failed to meet them anyway. An indication, perhaps, of the political acumen they bring to the campaign.

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Pension reform “fraught with legal obstacles”


In this Jan. 7, 2016, file photo, Gov. Jerry Brown discusses his proposed 2016-17 state budget. Ballooning pension costs are an issue Brown will face in his final year in office despite his earlier efforts to reform the state's pension systems and pay down massive unfunded liabilities. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli).

The budget-busting abuse known as pension spiking is illegal under state law in Alameda, Contra Costa and Merced counties — but leaders must allow it anyway (!) because “the county pension systems had agreed to permit it as part of legal settlements with the unions nearly two decades ago. ”

The latest from pension watchdog Dan Borenstein.

Recent court rulings have favored pension reform. But the latest appellate court ruling is a setback. It may torpedo key parts of Gov. Jerry Brows’s 2012 Public Employee Pension Reform Act. That law was all too inadequate, but at least it trimmed the most egregious abuses of public employee self-enrichment.

“In the latest decision, the justices ruled that pension benefit adjustments require “compelling” evidence that they are necessary and a showing that the pension system would otherwise have difficulty meeting its financial obligations.” The imminent insolvency of municipalities up and down the state evidently did not rate consideration.

“The good news is that the decision, issued by a three-justice panel in San Francisco, probably won’t be the final word on the issue,” Borenstein writes. “The state Supreme Court had already agreed to hear appeals of two other cases stemming from the 2012 legislation and is expected to take the latest one too.”

Borenstein’s take: “The road to meaningful reform is fraught with legal obstacles.”


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Random grocery guy puzzles homeowner

This just appearred on the Nextdoor Swain Oaks neighborhood website:

Allen HayesSherwood Manor
This afterrnoon someone left a small bag of groceries at our front door. It contained 4 packages of Ramen Noodles, a loaf of French bread and a liter of soda. My neighbor saw a white male leaving my house and getting into a car. Is this some kind of tactic to case the house? Not sure what to think just yet. We live on a quiet street, with all very well-kept single family homes. Can’t believe it was just a kind-hearted individual. No note or acknowledgement.

What’s for dinner? Ramen!

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The Detractor’s Club announces a recall


Brenda Vazquez, center, and a small group of other Stockton residents at Tuesday's press conference announcing a peitition to recall Mayor Michael Tubbs. CLIFFORD OTO

Granted, Mayor Michael Tubbs looked like a jerk Tuesday night. Why he blocked Council member Christina Fugazi so rudely from asking questions about the Advance Peace program as it came up for a vote I can’t fathom.

But a spasm of uncivil behavior is grounds for a fat “thumbs down,” not a recall.

Of course, the band of his opponents who announced their intention to recall him yesterday cited other reasons — just no good ones.

• “He was doing nothing to address crime in Stockton.” This, on the day he brought Advance Peace to the City?

• “He does not work well with constituents.” Through Reinvent South Stockton and other vehicles, Tubbs has formed innumerable grass roots partnerships, so I assume this criticism refers to his people skills with the rank and file. I’d be interested in hearing from members of the public on this one. If Tubbs can be arrogant or dismissive — which is what I think I’m hearing — that should be weighed against his accomplishments in three years if he runs for re-election. It’s not recall-worthy.

• “It’s all about him.” That’s demonstrably untrue. The critic’s meme — Tubbs is looking past Stockton — is counterfactual. He could have gone to D.C. like many of his classmates, or elsewhere. But he came back. He has a long agenda. Nor is it some sort of betrayal if a local politician aspires to rise up the ranks. If he does a good job, he may deserve a promotion, If he doesn’t he doesn’t.

That said, if Tubbs continues to pursue a national profile, to bask in Forbes-like articles, he’ll continue to get this admixture of criticism and jealousy from some quarters. His taste for the limelight is not illegal, or unethical, and the publicity has an upside of bringing good press. But from the local perspective it can be unseemly to some. Impolitic, given the populist resentment in Stockton.

But that’s their problem. It’ll be interesting to see how the recall unfolds. A principled recall is an act of constructive democracy. When I look at those behind this recall — those with whom I have some familiarity — I see few, if any, constructive contributions. I doubt they have the skills to succeed, let alone the support outside their echo chamber. But I’m going to resist the temptation to be dismissive. If I get a chance to listem to them, I will. Perhaps Tubbs should, too.

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